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Ukraine: secular state or cleric country?

Posted by the Editor on October 27, 2011

Analytics / 27 October 2011 | 10:25

Ukraine: secular state or cleric country?

Ukraine: secular state or cleric country?

Ukraine is a secular state, and our Constitution clearly says this. But not everybody agrees.  
Thus, the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of Moscow Patriarchy initiates the introduction of orthodox projects into school agenda and opening of Ukrainian Orthodox University of Saint Volodymyr.

According to Church representative Georgiy Kovalenko, the Ukrainian Orthodox Church proposes some amendments to the Constitution of Ukraine and law ‘On education’, Radio Svoboda reported.
Kovalenko explained that current Constitution gives the right of freedom to worship, but the church does not have a right to establish education institutions.

According to Kovalenko, differentiation of the church from the state and schools, provided by the Constitution, is understood incorrectly. “We do not want to change the Constitution, but to draw attention. That part on differentiation from schools is still considered in Soviet-atheistic sense, providing total prohibition for the church to have own institutes and schools and to cooperate with the state on education of the people,” he noted.

ForUm asked politicians and experts whether any confession has a right to initiate such changes to the legislation and what is possible reaction of the society to such changes.

Mykhailo Kosiv, BYuT deputy, head of the VR committee on culture and spirituality:

– In all European countries, except for Islamic ones, the church is separated from the state and, consequently, from school. That’s why it is impossible to realize the proposition of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church.

Christian ethics, as philosophical science must be taught at schools, and not by priest, but by ordinary teachers with the knowledge of God’s Law. I also stand for the church’s right to form its own higher education institutions and for recognition of such diplomas at the state level. I mean such discipline as theology. I also believe this profession must be included into the state profession classification list.

As for the initiative of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of Moscow Patriarchy, I don’t think representatives of this confession can be let in the schools. Its priests will promote their church, but then what about representatives of Kyiv Patriarchy, Autocephalous Orthodox Church, Greek Catholic Church, Protestants, Catholics or any other churches?

It will be chaos at the state level. Such initiative contradicts the Constitution and logic of public development. I am sure such initiative won’t be passed.

Mykhailo Chechetov, BYuT deputy, head of the VR subcommittee on culture and spirituality:

– There is nothing to talk about until there is a concrete proposition from 150 deputies, and still it does not mean the initiative will be passed, as the parliament may not approve the amendment.

What we have now is someone expressing his opinion, nothing more.

 Oleksandr Holub, Communist party, deputy chairman of VR committee on freedom of speech and information:

– Ukraine is a secular state, and such initiatives are not only unwelcome by the society, but will also lead to serious problems. It is the situation when the road to hell is paved with good intentions.

In case of such legislative changes, the state will be force to provide equal access for all religions. They should understand that many cults and sects will start fighting for children’s souls, and we will get totally opposite effect than the Ukrainian Orthodox Church is hoping for.

If parents want their children to study religion basics, it can be done at some courses or Sunday schools. Ukrainian legislation does not prohibit those.

Myroslav Popovich, Ph.D., director of Philosophy institute of National academy of science:

From the point of civilization experience such idea would be ruinous for Ukrainian national culture. Separation of church from the state is a necessary condition for free development of both religious views and secular society.

According to the Constitution, Ukraine is a secular society of European type. It means that Ukraine allows freedom of faith, which is incompatible with domination of any religion at school. If parents want to give their children religious education, the church can organize schools under its parishes, as well as higher education institutes, but out of state education.

Such initiative is an attack on the secular nature of the state. It will bring us back in XV – XVII centuries.

Viktor Musiaka, professor of law, one of the authors of the Constitution of 1996, former MP:

– In Soviet times people were completely separated from the church. But now it is not like this any longer.

As for religious education institutes, they are not prohibited in Ukraine. We don’t have any problems with creed and freedom of faith. There are no obstacles for a man to live with his faith. The God is one, but there are various paths to him. And these paths are not prohibited by the Constitution.

If they speak about those times, when government of the state and government of the church were all in one, this is a different question.

Iryna Bekeshkina, sociologist, manager of the “Democratic initiatives” fund:

– It is very serious changes to the Constitution and transformation of Ukraine into cleric state (when church influences politics and all spheres of social life through legislative bodies – ed.).

Ukraine is a country of many confessions. Orthodox branch dominates, but there are also unbelievers and undecided. If such subject introduced into school agenda, children would be forced to study it. It contradicts with the freedom of faith, provided by the Constitution. And it is just violence against man.   
Volodymyr Tsybulko, expert:

– Ukrainian Orthodox Church of Moscow Patriarchy is the biggest regarding the number of parishes. But at the same time it is not the most popular among Ukrainians.

I want to remind that the most popular church among Ukrainian believers is Ukrainian Orthodox Church of Kyiv Patriarchy. Greek Catholic Church also has its realm. On the territory, which is considered by Ukrainian Orthodox Church of Moscow Patriarchy as canonical, there are believers of different confessions. And I also want to remind that the Constitution provides for equal distance from the state for all church organizations.

I think that losing the fight for spiritual order of the man, for his spiritual territory, some church representatives try to recover with the help of administrative methods. But this fight is not for souls, but for financial markets.


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Ukraine-NATO: forever no or sometime may be?

Posted by the Editor on October 25, 2011

Analytics / 25 October 2011 | 18:55

Ukraine-NATO: forever no or sometime may be?

Ukraine-NATO: forever no or sometime may be?

For certain countries NATO membership has become a fixed idea, while other countries are rather skeptical regarding the military abbreviation.

Some days ago special representative of the Russian president on ballistic missiles defense Dmitiy Rogozin cheerfully reported that Russia managed to achieve that Ukraine is not a NATO member and that Georgia is not a NATO member. According to him, Russia did not cave in as well during the talks on ballistic missiles defense.

As a reminder, at the beginning of April 2008 Bucharest summit of NATO decided that Ukraine and Georgia can become NATO members after fulfillment of necessary conditions. At the end of 2008 Ukraine expected to get NATO Action Plan for membership, but foreign ministers of NATO counties refused to give it.

Taking this into account, on July 1, 2010 Ukraine’s parliament adopted the law on domestic and foreign policy, providing for non-aligned status of Ukraine. The norm on Ukraine’s integration into NATO was excluded from the article of priorities of national interests, and in April 2011 President Viktor Yanukovych approved the Annual national program on Ukraine-NATO cooperation for 2011.
ForUm asked experts whether Russia really managed to do what Rogozin said and whether the NATO doors are now closed.

Volodymyr Kornilov, director of the Ukrainian branch of CIS Institute:

– Russia played nothing less than important role, if not the leading one, in this matter. We clearly understand why Germany and France blocked Ukraine’s membership in NATO.

It is not a secret that German and French diplomats, as well as of other countries, did not want to spoil relations with Russia.

Gennadiy Udovenko, former foreign minister (1994-98):

– Rogozin is a well-known Russian diplomat and belongs to a group of anti-Ukrainian hawks.

Russia wants to resurrect USSR in any form, and many Russian officials, including Rogozin, want to be a part of neo-Russian imperialistic course, worshiped by the Russian authorities.

Do we have chances to obtain NATO membership? Well, now we have the law on non-aligned status of Ukraine, but we do not have large army to defend this status. It means that the issue on country’s security is open.

Oleksandr Paliy, expert:

– There is nothing better than NATO regarding security sphere for now. That’s why membership in this organization would be optimal decision for short-term and long-term perspective. But Russia has really managed to prevent this membership.

NATO for us is an opportunity to find a solution, and the cheap one, of the key matter of the national security, and consequently to improve investment attractiveness of the country. The poorest countries among NATO members are Bulgaria and Albania, but still they have bigger GDP per capita than Ukraine.

The Ukrainian authorities voluntarily refused from NATO membership, having passed the non-aligned status. To my opinion, such decision limits the possibility of maneuvers on the political arena, and of course it is in Russia’s interests. 

The decision on non-aligned status must be based on country’s capacity to solve security issues independently. There are maximum five countries in the world, which can do it, and Ukraine, unfortunately, is not among them, especially after nuclear disarmament. At the same time NATO allows such small countries, as Belgium for example with its two military battalions, to feel secured.
I believe that a number of Russian politicians were given medals for preventing Ukraine from entering NATO, and a number of Ukrainian politicians were promised a life of ease.

Serhiy Zgurets, expert of the Center on army and armament research:

Last year Ukraine adopted the law on non-aligned status, but I doubt it was a success of Mr Rogozin. The matter is that Ukraine’s authorities believe it is the best decision for now, and it has nothing to do with Rogozin.

Regarding the national security, well, it is difficult to provide it with minimal budget Ukraine now spends for defense, and may be the financing from some military bloc could have been an optimal decision.

Anyway, there is a law on non-aligned status, and until it is canceled by the parliament it is inappropriate to talk about any terms of Ukraine’s membership in NATO.


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Great Visa Wall of the European Union

Posted by the Editor on October 21, 2011

Analytics / 21 October 2011 | 16:44

Great Visa Wall of the European Union

Great Visa Wall of the European Union

Rumors say that EU countries start mass denial of visas for Ukrainians.

Thus, one of ForUm’s interlocutors, who wished to remain anonymous, said he had a job invitation from Italy. His previous visa expired and he thought there would be no problems to issue a new one. “But I was advised not to apply for visa in the nearest future in order not to get a refusal. And I am not the only one in such situation,” he said.

At the same time, one of the companies-mediators, helping the citizens to collect documents and get visas, told ForUm it does not have any problems with Schengen visas yet.

One of the big tour operators in Kyiv, also wishing to remain unnamed, told ForUm that October 18 EU embassies in Ukraine warned tour operators on toughening the requirements for visa applicants, working in state structures, ministries, prosecutions, etc.

The embassies asked tour operators to offer the above mentioned categories of applicants other directions for traveling.

Having sent an official inquiry in the Foreign Ministry and waiting for an answer, ForUm decided to visit EU embassies in Kyiv and to question the people.

German consulate

Ivan Tolozenko, advisor of Emergency Minister:

“That’s true what they say. Our delegation has urgent visit to Germany, but the consulate has refused us visas, saying we are late to apply the documents. But in fact we applied back on October 15. Now we can lose a beneficial contract with a German firm. The only thing to do is to call the minister, but hey, have you even seen a minister coming for a visa personally?!
Raisa Nikolaenko, visa mediator:

“Nothing of the kind. They keep issuing visas as before, refusing only to unemployed or youth, or those who have suspicious documents. There are always reasons to refuse, and these reasons are grounded. I’ve been helping people to get visas for five years, I know.”

Oleksiy Yarmoliuk, an applicant:

“Five years ago I went to Germany on invitation. I got visa in three days back then. Now I’ve been waiting for one month already. They ask three times more documents.

Czech embassy:

Yaroslav Krinitsin, visa mediator:

“Two years ago I was sending people to Europe, and there was no such bureaucracy. But now you have to pass all circles of hell to get the visa. Europeans set the toughest requirements ever, while they enter Ukraine without any visas.

Olga Sokolova, an applicant:

It’s not the first time I am going tot Czech Republic. I brought the usual pack of documents, but this time the consulate asked for another pack, referring to some innovations. If you go on invitation to visit some relatives, they demand proves, including telephone calls, photos, letters. And they don’t care that it violates the right on private life.

Having listened to the emotions of people, ForUm addressed experts to hear their competent opinions.

Oleksandr Paliy said he knows about visa problems only from people’s words. “They say the percentage of refusal has increased, but final decision can be made after a thorough analysis of the statistics,” he said.

“May be it is connected with the expected second wave of the economic crisis, may be because of political factors,” he added.

Deputy head of the parliamentary committee on foreign affairs Taras Chornovil told ForUm he also heard from people about EU visa difficulties.

According to him, because of political issues EU embassies are taking it out on ordinary people. “This is one of the cases of pseudo-principles of the European Union. I cannot state there is an official position, but I believe there were certain orders to complicate the process. This is all because of political problems,” Chornovil said.


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Free Trade Area: We start with CIS, Europe will come later

Posted by the Editor on October 19, 2011

Analytics / 19 October 2011 | 17:43

Free Trade Area: We start with CIS, Europe will come later

Free Trade Area: We start with CIS, Europe will come later

So, it has happened. Ukraine has taken the first step on the way to free trade area on foreign markets.

On Tuesday, during a meeting of the Heads of Governments of the CIS countries in St.-Petersburg, Prime Ministers of the CIS countries signed the Agreement on free trade areaž

The work over the agreement lasted 3 years, and 14 rounds of negotiations took place.

The Prime Minister of Ukraine Mykola Azarov underlined that signing of the Agreement on free trade area within the frameworks of the Commonwealth of Independent States and signing of the agreement on EU free trade area are the points of one plan on opening foreign markets for Ukraine for steady economic development.

Mykola Azarov named the signing of the free trade area Agreement as a historical moment, saying it will extend Ukraine’s capabilities on foreign markets.

ForUm addressed experts with a request to reveal merits and flaws of the signed document, as well as to explain the difference between FTA with CIS and FTA with the EU.

Volodymyr Lapa, dorector general of the Ukrainian club of agricultural business:

– The free trade area agreement with CIS is not something unexpected. Ukraine already has bilateral agreements of free trade with a number of CIS countries. Now these agreements have been converted into the united free trade area. We expect that the so-called exemptions will be cancelled eventually. In particular, the sugar issue is rather urgent. For example, Belarus can supply sugar in Ukraine, but Ukraine cannot supply it to Russia.

Speaking about the forthcoming FTA agreement with the EU and its relations with CIS FTA, I believe these two agreements can easily coexist.

Maria Kolesnik, expert on agricultural business:

– It is important to know the conditions of the agreement, because with Russia, for example, we already have a free trade agreement, but there are too many exemptions, and as a result we cannot export some goods.

However, FTA with Europe would be bigger breakthrough. Such cooperation will stimulate production of poultry and its goods. The same thing concerns confectionery.

Agricultural complex and food production in general will reach totally new level of quality. European investors will be interested in placing their production on our territory, as the prime costs are lower here, while the level technology and personnel is quite high.

As for cooperation with CIS, well, Russia is inclined to pressing its partners. For example, 40% of grain harvest in Kazakhstan remained on the fields just because Russia did not provide transportation.

Natalia Vitrenko, leader of progressive Socialist party, doctor of economics:

– FTA with CIS countries is a saving chance for Ukraine to keep up production. Unlike Europe, CIS agreement does not require thousands of conditions. I remember EU set 80000 conditions for all kinds of production in order to make our goods correspond with their standards.

It is obvious Ukraine will never meet these conditions, not now not in three years. But for CIS countries our standards are just fine, and as a result out production will find sale on CIS markets.

However, we should fall under illusion, because FTA with CIS does not simplify customs regime, attraction of investments or free transfer of means, as it could be in case of Ukraine’s membership in the Common Economic Space. It also does not mean gas price reduction, as it could be in case of Ukraine’s membership in the Customs Union. But still, FTA is chance to distribute Ukrainian production on new opening market.

Volodymyr Lanovoi, director of marker reforms Center, former Economy Minsiter:

– Right now it is difficult to give evaluation of the signed agreement, because there are no specific details of it. There are only odd bits of information, which do not depict the whole picture.

But I can say some words about what is know for sure regarding the agreement signed in St.Petersburg. First of all oil, gas and sugar remain out of the duty-free trade, which means import procedure of energy resources remain unchanged.

As for sugar, Ukraine would like to export sugar in Russia, but Russia set very high import duties for this Ukrainian product and prefers to buy cane sugar from all over the world. As a result, limitations for sugar exports lead to high prices on the domestic market and running at a loss of out sugar-processing plants.

That’s why the signing of the agreement of free trade area with CIS is a bitter blow. In fact, it is suppression of Ukraine under Russian interests.

Volodymyr Fesenko, head of ‘Penta’ political research center:

– First of all, I want to remind that this agreement is not something new. The agreement on FTA within CIS was signed back in 1990ies, but it was not fully effective, as Russia made many exemptions. Ukraine initiated the renewal of the agreement back in May, but a number of CIS counties refused to sign it, mostly on mercantile reasons, like Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. And there was a suspicion that Russia used the process of ‘unsigning’ as leverage – enter the Customs Union and you’ll get the rest. 

I believe that Russia suddenly agreed to sign the agreement only to reveal the contrast – you see that you have problems with Europe, but CIS is open and waiting, which means we are your real partners and you should prefer us.

However, the FTA agreement with CIS is beneficial for Ukraine, as we have a lot of economic interests in CIS countries. It is more civilized form of trade operations.

As for the differences between FTA with CIS and FTA with EU, the fact is that the agreement with the EU is a form of partial integration with the European Union, not a simple free trade area, which Ukraine has with many countries. It is more advanced format of economic relations, and it is very important step of integration into economic structure of Europe.


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Lytvyn: There are not enough votes for decriminalization of ‘Tymoshenko’s article’

Posted by the Editor on October 17, 2011

News / 17 October 2011 | 14:29

Lytvyn: There are not enough votes for decriminalization of 'Tymoshenko's article'

Lytvyn: There are not enough votes for decriminalization of ‘Tymoshenko’s article’

Chairman of the parliament Volodymyr Lytvyn suggests the faction leaders agree on the drat bill on humanization of punishment for economic crimes, ForUm correspondent reports.

“The problem is not in the law itself. The problem is in whether a compromise is found regarding the corresponding decision of the court. For the moment I don’t see 226 votes, necessary for any of the amendments to be adopted. I call upon the deputies to hold consultations and find a decision to collect necessary votes. Otherwise, the law will be adopted in the edition, submitted by the President, which will make unhappy half of the parliament and half of the political society,” Lytvyn said at a press conference.


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Russian language in Ukraine: To be or not to be, that is the question

Posted by the Editor on October 14, 2011

Analytics / 14 October 2011 | 18:26

Russian language in Ukraine: To be or not to be, that is the question

Russian language in Ukraine: To be or not to be, that is the question

There is no country in the world without at least one “eternal” problem. Ukraine is famous for its ‘Russian language issue’.

The Federal agency on CIS affairs believes that the status of the Russian language in Ukraine will become a subject of negotiations between presidents Yanukovych and Medvedev.

The same day Moscow will hold World congress of Russian nationals, and the status of the Russian language in Ukraine will be one of the main subjects of discussion.

ForUm decided to ask experts and MPs on ‘timing’ and efficiency of the regular talks between Ukraine and Russia on language issue, as well as reasons, moving Russia to raise this question now.

Volodymyr Ohryzko, former Foreign Minister of Ukraine:

– Russian scripts don’t change. Same old for the same purpose – to subdue Ukraine, to put an end to its European development and to bring it back into the empire. This strategy they try to carry out with different methods. Now they remembered about the language, tomorrow they will recall grain quotas, and after tomorrow metal quotas.

We should react to these methods of potential influence on Ukraine. If we keep silence they will continue, if we react they will draw back. These are traditional methods of influence, and there is nothing to talk about.

I would like Ukraine’s authorities to tell Russia once and for all that the language issue is our internal affair, and we will solve it by ourselves.
Petro Symonenko, Communist party leader, MP of Ukraine:

– The communist party’s principle position is to make the Russian language the second state language of Ukraine. We constantly submit draft bills on this issue, but for a variety of reasons none of them has ever been adopted.

Now, together with the Party of Regions and Lytvyn’s party we have prepared a draft bill allowing the Russian language to exist in our country as the second state language.

I am convinced this issue must be resolved, and I believe the fact that the leaders of both states will discuss it will speed up the solution of this problem.
Yuri Shukhevich, son of UPA commander Roman Shukhevich, political activist, dissident and USSR political prisoner, Hero of Ukraine:

– Russia raises the language issue because of the forthcoming parliamentary elections in Ukraine. We also should not exclude gas conflict. President Yanukovych realizes he can lose the economic war between our states, that’s why he is led by ideology of Medvedev. The latter, in his turn, wants to buy the status for the Russian language at the cost of gas negotiations.

I don’t know which position Ukraine will take, but I believe we should explain Russia that this is our internal matter and is not under discussion.
Myroslav Popovych, director of Philosophy Institute of the National Academy of Science, Ph.D.:

– This is one of the issues Russia will always use in case of any mutual conflicts. In fact, they don’t demand to protect the very language, but just want to press on the weak point of the Ukrainian authorities. You remember, the Party of Regions promised in its election campaign to grant the Russian language with the status of the second state language, but in practice it does not want to do so, as it will affect already falling rating.

Russia, in turn, wants total control over the territory of former USSR. Today Russia developed Customs Union, and speaking about the status of the Russian language, Russia means Ukraine’s membership in this Union.

I don’t think Ukrainian authorities would agree, as they understand the matter concerns not the language itself.
Taras Chornovil, MP, member of “Reforms for the future”:

– This is a proof of Russia’s total attack, which shows Russia is not going to make any concessions in the bilateral relations.

The position of our neighbor is strict: for the moment of Russia’s entry into WTO and in the process of cooperation with EU and NATO Russia does not want to have any rivals, opponents or any other independent players.


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Verdict announcement events. The case is closed, or just opened?

Posted by the Editor on October 11, 2011

Analytics / 11 October 2011 | 18:17

Verdict announcement events. The case is closed, or just opened?

Verdict announcement events. The case is closed, or just opened?

Pechersk district court has recognized former Prime minister of Ukraine Yulia Tymoshenko guilty in abusing of power while signing gas contracts with Russia in 2009 and sentenced her to seven years of imprisonment.

During the verdict announcement, supporters and opponents of Yulia Tymoshenko gathered near the court. There were also 10 buses with police officers, parked on every street around the court.

By the court decision MPs were allowed in the courtroom for verdict reading, but BYuT deputies tried to fight through the guards and to get to the courtroom, but failed.

Supporters of Yuia Tymoshenko blocked the traffic near the Pechersk court. Police forces were trying to move the protesters, but things got ugly, ForUm correspondent reported.

Some people fell down, some were arrested and put in custody, and others started to swing the police buses. Police forces used tear-gas to stop the protesters.

Later on the police forces managed to move the protesters to the sidewalk and restart the traffic.


In an interview with ForUm the political scientists Oleksandr Paliy said he believes that the case has not finished today with the verdict announcement.

“The country will not be able to stand international isolation. The economic crisis and need in IMF credits, as well as affairs with the West do not allow to put an end to the case,” he said. Paliy also expressed an opinion that Yulia Tymoshenko would participate in the forthcoming parliamentary elections.

No one can deprive Yulia Tymoshenko of the right to appeal the verdict, Ukrainian human rights activist Eduard Bagirov told ForUm.

“Yulia Tymoshenko, as any other citizen of Ukraine, has a right for appeal, and I believe her lawyers will use this right, including an appeal to the European court on human rights. I think a period will be put to this case somewhere next year, probably March,” Bagirov said. 

Ukrainian authorities will have to answer some questions regarding Yulia Tymoshenko’s case, director of the Ukrainian politics Institute Kost Bondarenko told ForUm.

According to him, Tymoshenko will keep influencing Ukrainian domestic and foreign policy for some time. “The authorities will have to answer to Russia and Europe; opposition will try to decriminalize the article, according to which Tymoshenko was sentenced; her lawyers will appeal to international courts. And even if the verdict comes into force, journalists will go to the prison and shoot reports about Tymoshenko. Hence, for some time she still will have influence on information space,” Bondarenko summed up. 

Speaker of the Ukraine’s parliament Volodymyr Lytvyn says the conviction of Yulia Tymoshenko is “unexpectedly expected result”. “I was informed that the judge convicted Yulia Tymoshenko to seven years in prison and bound her to compensation of 1.5 milliard hryvnias. It is an unexpectedly expected result. Everybody was talking about it, and today it has happened,” Lyvyn said.

The speaker reminded that the draft bill on decriminalization of economic crimes had been registered in the parliament, and further events depend on what understanding the parliamentary factions will come to.

Lytvyn refused to comment on the verdict, but noted that “the next parliamentary week will be hot.”


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Ecologists call upon authorities to save Ukraine from garbage

Posted by the Editor on October 7, 2011

Analytics / 7 October 2011 | 18:31

Ecologists call upon authorities to save Ukraine from garbage

Ecologists call upon authorities to save Ukraine from garbage

Ukraine is facing ecological collapse.

The scientific council of the All-Ukrainian ecology league held a conference on “Current condition of landfills in Ukraine: ecological, social and economic problems and ways of solving them,” ForUm correspondent reports.

In particular, according to ecologists’ data, about 50 million cu m or 12 million tons of garbage has been accumulated in Ukraine for the last year. The total area of landfills is 8 thousand hectares.
Ecologists state that a number of unauthorized landfills in Ukraine increases. There are 23.7 thousand illegal landfills registered for now. In this connection, the health of population worsens, air, land and waters are polluted. According to the data, 897 (20%) landfills in different regions of Ukraine do not correspond to minimal norms of security, while 314 (7%) landfills are overloaded.

According to the scientists-ecologists, Ukraine needs additional 670 landfills to satisfy the demand.
“The number of landfills increases annually and those landfills literally eat plentiful lands. We don’t have a system of garbage separation, and sanitary and industrial waste are put together, which leads to some kind of fermentation process, unknown for science. To what kind of new viruses it will give birth, we just don’t know. We have to work out effective measures on garbage recycling, to provide proper financing, to introduce more ecological technologies of waste recycling and to adopt a law on secondary material resources,” ecologist Tetiana Timochko says.

Timochko also noted that Europe tries to bring their waste recycling plants on the territory of Ukraine. “Our authorities present it in a bright wrapping as new ecological projects. For example, Kyiv authorities planed to build a waste incinerator in Troeshchina, saying it was nothing but a recycling plant. Only efforts of ecologists and public managed to prevent the construction. The wind rose in that region could lead to pollution of the whole left bank,” she said.

In his turn, the head of the Kharkiv ecology organization Serhiy Razmetayev believes Ukrainian parliament must adopt a law, which regulates waste managing. “Without it local authorities will do nothing,” he said.

According to him, the majority of Ukraine’s landfills have the first class of danger. “This is all because of indiscriminate dumping wastes. The most dangerous are batteries, electric devices, medical devices, including syringes, biological material after surgery,” Razmetayev said.

The head of Ternopil ecological department Stepan Vadzyuk supported his colleague saying “at least, it is unethical when homeless dogs are carrying amputated arms and legs in their teeth.” “Four medical enterprises were deprived of licenses, and the third of medical institutes got a warning in connection with such accidents,” he added.

The ecologists also noted that according to their data, 20 enterprises of Ukraine exceed their pollution quotas by 20(!) times, but hide these figures and report different numbers.

“In fact Ukraine uses its pollution quota over and above, but somehow we manage to hide this data and even dare to sell allegedly unused one,” Timochko states.

Taking into account the above mentioned the ecologists called upon the parliament to work out effective measures to prevent Ukraine from diving deep into…


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