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Archive for October, 2011

Ukraine set to sign Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources

Posted by the Editor on October 31, 2011


News / 31 October 2011 | 17:51

Ukraine set to sign Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources

Ukraine set to sign Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources

President Viktor Yanukovych has authorized Minister of Environment and Natural Resources Mykola Zlochevsky to sign on behalf of Ukraine the Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization to the Convention on Biological Diversity, UKRINFORM reports.

The Nagoya protocol is a new international treaty adopted under the auspices of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) in Nagoya (Japan) October 29, 2010. It is an international agreement which aims at sharing the benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources in a fair and equitable way, including by appropriate access to genetic resources and by appropriate transfer of relevant technologies, taking into account all rights over those resources and to technologies, and by appropriate funding, thereby contributing to the conservation of biological diversity and the sustainable use of its components.

The instrument was adopted by the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity at its tenth meeting on October 29, 2010 in Nagoya, Japan. The Nagoya protocol will be open for signature by Parties to the Convention from February 2, 2011 until February 1, 2012 at the United Nations Headquarters in New York.

The protocol has been already signed by more than 55 states.

The document will come into force 90 days after its ratification by the 50th state. So far the Nagoya Protocol has been ratified by no signatory state.

ForUm

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Yanukovych may veto the draft bill on parliamentary elections

Posted by the Editor on October 31, 2011


News / 31 October 2011 | 17:15

Yanukovych may veto the draft bill on parliamentary elections

Yanukovych may veto the draft bill on parliamentary elections

The draft bill on parliamentary elections, submitted by the majority, has a number of unconstitutional paragraphs and will be vetoed by the President if adopted as it is, President’s aid on constitutional and legal modernization Marina Stavnichuk said at parliamentary committees’ hearings.

She specified that the draft bill from the majority contains serious flaws, which ‘may cost the state too much – illegitimacy of the future parliament.’

Stavnichuk pointed out that the paragraph on the right to run for both multi-member electoral district and single mandate electoral district simultaneously was recognized unconstitutional by the Constitution Count of Ukraine in 1998.

The official also named as unconstitutional the paragraph on prohibition for electors, voting abroad, to vote for candidates from majoritarian districts.

Stavnichuk criticized the proposition to set different terms for nomination and registration of candidates in multi-member and single mandate electoral districts. According to her, this matter was also considered by the Constitution Court and recognized unconstitutional.

According to Stavnichuk, the principle of free elections is also violated by such paragraphs of the draft bills as absence of state financing, reduction of the protection level of voting papers, decrease of appeal guarantees of election results.

The president’s aid underlined that a number of procedures, such as formation of electoral districts for example, is not registered in the draft bill at all. According to her, such system creates a possibility for manipulations.

Summing up Stavnichuk said that the parliament still has time to improve the document. Otherwise, it will be vetoed.

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Ukrainian embassies to promote interests of national companies

Posted by the Editor on October 31, 2011


News / 31 October 2011 | 16:40

Ukrainian embassies to promote interests of national companies

Ukrainian embassies to promote interests of national companies

Promotion of Ukrainian companies abroad is one of the estimation factors of activity of Ukrainian embassies, Foreign Minister Kostiantyn Hryshchenko told a meeting of exporters Council.

According to him, Ukrainian embassies are charged to support economic interests of Ukraine in general and promotion of national projects in the countries of stationing.

“At regional meetings we discuss the ways of cooperation and results achieved by our embassies. It is one of the estimation factors of Ukraine’s foreign institution,” he said.

Hryshchenko expressed a hope that thanks to cooperation the export possibility and Ukraine’s presentation in close and far regions will become more noticeable and successful and will result in Ukrainian export increase.

The minister also informed that for the last four months the ministry has got 30 references from representatives of machine building industry regarding the support of Ukrainian Foreign Ministry. According to Hryshchenko, as a result of the conducted work, 10 machine building enterprises will have access to new markets in 12 counties of Latin America, Africa and Middle East.

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Parliament to license marriage agencies

Posted by the Editor on October 31, 2011


News / 31 October 2011 | 16:10

Parliament to license marriage agencies

Parliament to license marriage agencies

Members of the parliament propose to license the activity of dating and marriage agencies. MP Volodymyr Kaplienko (Reforms for future) presented the amendments to the draft bill on fighting human trafficking, passed in its first reading.

According to him, the draft bill provides for obligatory licensing of activity connected with collection and distribution of personal information about people for dating or marriage, including through internet. The draft bill also provides for administrative legal responsibility for collection and distribution of personal information about people for dating or marriage without a license.

Kaplienko noted that according to UN official data 500 thousand Ukrainians are forced to stay abroad, including women for sex-industry and men for construction works.

“People are going abroad to find better life, but Ukrainian legislation does not have preventive measures to protect these people from criminal organizations, involved into human trafficking,” Kaplienko said.

President of the All-Ukrainian association of dating clubs Egeniy Lavrik said that his organization supports the draft bill, because sometimes illegal groups involved into human trafficking pretend to be dating or marriage agencies. “Image of the association members is dropping because of such crime organizations,” Lavrik said.

Interior Ministry representative Serhiy Kropiva said in his turn that the adoption of such law will enable the law enforcement bodies to conduct more exact control over the activity of dating and marriage agencies. “Citizens will be able to apply to marriage agencies or internet clubs not fearing negative consequences,” he said.

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IMF planning to adjust Ukraine’s economic policy

Posted by the Editor on October 31, 2011


News / 31 October 2011 | 15:41

IMF planning to adjust Ukraine's economic policy

IMF planning to adjust Ukraine’s economic policy

The purpose of an International Monetary Fund mission’s visit to Ukraine is to adjust the country’s economic policy in accordance with the challenges of time. IMF Mission Chief for Ukraine Thanos Arvanitis announced this at a meeting with Ukrainian Finance Minister Fedir Yaroshenko, UKRINFORM reported citing the press service of the Ukrainian Finance Ministry.

Arvanitis also noted that during the IMF mission’s visit to Ukraine, which will last until November 4, the sides would discuss the implementation of the state budget in 2011 and the main figures of the draft budget for 2012.

On October 28, Ukrainian Prime Minister Mykola Azarov said that the government and the National Bank of Ukraine had fulfilled almost all of the targets as part of the implementation of a memorandum with the International Monetary Fund.

“We are fulfilling the main and most difficult point – the deficit of the consolidated budget and the deficit of Naftogaz,” he said.

As reported, an IMF mission arrived in Ukraine on October 25, 2011 and began to study the implementation of a previously agreed program of cooperation. In September 2011, IMF Resident Representative in Ukraine Max Alier announced the list of requirements that must be fulfilled by Ukraine to get a new tranche from the IMF.

They include the holding of pension reform, the adjustment of gas tariffs for households and heat suppliers, and the search of funds to cover the deficit of Naftogaz of Ukraine. Another demand by the fund, which was met in June, was the cancellation of the mandatory redemption by the National Bank of Ukraine of bonds in banks’ capital.

In January-September 2011, Kyiv lost the opportunity to obtain three quarterly tranches of about USD 1.5 billion each from the IMF under the Stand-By Arrangement totaling USD 15.5 billion due to the violations of the terms of conducting pension reform, which were agreed with the IMF (pension reform was launched on October 1), and due to the failure to raise gas prices.

The government still hopes to reach agreement with the mission on the last point, citing as an argument “ending” talks with Russia on a reduction in the price of gas.

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Ukraine is no longer under FATF monitoring

Posted by the Editor on October 31, 2011


News / 31 October 2011 | 15:12

Ukraine is no longer under FATF monitoring

Ukraine is no longer under FATF monitoring

The Financial Action Task Force (FATF), the international organization combating money laundering and terrorist financing, has removed Ukraine from the list of countries to be monitored by the organization. Such a decision was taken after a meeting of the organization, which was held in Paris on October 27-28, according to FATF‘s website.

“The FATF welcomes Ukraine’s significant progress in improving its AML/CFT regime and notes that Ukraine has largely met its commitments in its Action Plan regarding the strategic deficiencies that the FATF had identified in February 2010. Ukraine is therefore no longer subject to FATF’s monitoring under its on-going global AML/CFT compliance process,” the report reads.

According to the document, Ukraine will work with MONEYVAL as it continues to address the full range of AML/CFT issues identified in its mutual evaluation report, and further strengthen its AML/CFT regime.

Commenting on the FATF decision, deputy head of the President’s Administration Iryna Akymova told a briefing that it is a signal to the world financial system on that Ukraine does not bear any financial risks.  According to her, EU latest statements on free trade area with Ukraine mean that the trust in Ukraine is growing.

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Speaker named the most controversial draft bills

Posted by the Editor on October 31, 2011


News / 31 October 2011 | 15:01

Speaker named the most controversial draft bills

Speaker named the most controversial draft bills

Speaker of the parliament Volodymyr Lytvyn believes that the most conflict draft bills are draft bills on parliamentary elections, on state budget and on decriminalization of economic crimes.

“There are 238 amendments to the draft bill on decriminalization. I talked to the head of the relevant committee and we agreed that UN convention resolution must be included. It concerns the definition of the abuse of office crime, which is obtaining of knowingly illegal profit by an official or his or her relative. We should see whether this convention resolution will have effect on the well-known case (Tymoshenko’s case – ed.),” Lytvyn explained.

Speaking about the draft bill on parliamentary elections, Lytvyn said that political parties would calculate their chances and act in accordance with their ratings.

“As for the budget, next week we will consider the draft bill in its second reading. But first we need to discuss with the government whether it agrees with the amendments, submitted by the relevant committee. I want to remind we have amendments for 384 milliard hryvnias, and it is more than another budget,” Lytvyn summed up.

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Customs service detained seven tons of medicine at the border

Posted by the Editor on October 31, 2011


News / 31 October 2011 | 14:35

Customs service detained seven tons of medicine at the border

Customs service detained seven tons of medicine at the border

The customs service has instituted a criminal case on avoiding customs control during border cross of medicine of Belarus production. The customs service officials established the fact of illegal price increase for imported medicine, ForUm learned from the press office of the State Customs Service.

According to the document, submitted at the border, 6.9 tons of medicine costing 1.5 million USD is imported from Lithuania to Ukraine. The customs officials paid attention to the illogical route of the load and high price of medicine.

Ukrainian customs officials contacted the Belarus customs service, and further investigation revealed the fact of artificial price increase threefold: from 582 thousand USD to 1.5 million USD.

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